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who founded shintoism

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The ofuda is then wrapped inside white paper and tied up with a colored thread. This is done to cultivate harmony between humans and kami and to solicit the latter's blessing. Question: "What is Shintoism?" [308] It is also performed at the Imperial harvest festival and at major shrines such as Ise, Kamo, and Iwashimizu Hachiman-gū. [337] In various cases the mikoshi undergo hamaori ("going down to the beach"), a process by which they are carried to the sea shore and sometimes into the sea, either by bearers or a boat. "Shrine Shinto" refers to the practices centred around shrines,[36] and "Domestic Shinto" to the ways in which kami are venerated in the home. [403] Many Japanese people avoid the term "religion", in part because they dislike the connotations of the word which most closely matches it in the Japanese language, shūkyō. [146], Throughout Japanese history, the notion of saisei-itchi, or the union of religious authority and political authority, has long been prominent. [348] [207] From the Heian period on, the en-gi were often retold on picture scrolls known as emakimono. Shinto is a religion but unlike others, it has no known founder nor are there any sacred texts or formalized teachings. Thus, "Shinto membership" is often estimated counting only those who do join organised Shinto sects. [89] As part of this, the kami is invited to enter a new place, where it can be venerated, with the instalment ceremony being known as a kanjo. East Asian Shintoism. Spirit pacification and rejuvenation were usually achieved by songs and dances, also called asobi. [56] As is often the case in the Japanese language, no distinction is made here between singular and plural, and hence the term kami refers both to individual kami and the collective group of kami. You can opt out of these offers at any time. This style was developed in the imperial court and is still performed on imperial grounds every December. [413] Some secular scholars accused these individuals of blurring theology with historical analysis. [182] The other main type is sato-kagura, descended from mikagura and performed at shrines across Japan. [404], Official statistics show Shinto to be Japan's largest religion, with over 80 percent of the country's population identified as engaging in Shinto activities. How Awake Are We? Religions of the world Shinto, an ancient Japanese religion. Watarai Shintō appeared in Ise during the 13th century as a reaction against the Shintō-Buddhist amalgamation. [291] Several forms of divination entailing archery are also practiced in Shintō, known as yabusame, omato-shinji, and mato-i. Shinto has no single creator or specific doctrinal text, but exists in a diverse range of local and regional forms. [370] Hardacre saw the Jingikan as "the institutional origin of Shinto". [409], Shinto has attracted interest outside of Japan, in part because it lacks the doctrinal focus of major religions found in other parts of the world. [12] However, some practitioners prefer to view Shinto as a "way",[13] thus characterising it more as custom or tradition than religion,[14] partly as a pretence for attempting to circumvent the modern Japanese separation of religion and state and restore Shinto's historical links with the Japanese state. Buddhism entered Japan at the end of the Kofun period (300 to 538 CE) and spread rapidly. [194] Others are surrounded by wooded groves, referred to as chinju no mori ("forest of the tutelary kami"). [9] The term Shinto only gained common use from the early 20th century onward, when it superseded the term taikyō ('great religion') as the name for the Japanese state religion. [317] Summer festivals are termed natsu-matsuri and are usually focused on protecting the crops against pests and other threats. [281] Along with the kamidana, many Japanese households also have butsudan, Buddhist altars enshrining the ancestors of the family;[282] ancestral reverence remains an important aspect of Japanese religious tradition. "[53] The term Shinto became common in the 15th century. [276], Many Shinto practitioners also have a kamidana or family shrine in their home. Shintoism had no specific founder but it eventually became the official religion of Japan. 1 decade ago. Answer: Shintoism is a purely Japanese religion, the origins of which are buried in the hazy mists of ancient Japanese history. [359] Contemporary education standards have all but eradicated the need for specialized training for the blind. 6 Answers. [102] The kami instructed Izanagi and Izanami to create land on earth. [196] Large lanterns, known as tōrō, are often found within these precints. [226] Historically, there were various female priests although they were largely pushed out of their positions in 1868. [288] Ema are provided both at Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples in Japan;[217] unlike most amulets, which are taken away from the shrine, the ema are typically left there as a message for the resident kami. [100], The Kojiki recounts that the universe started with ame-tsuchi, the separation of light and pure elements (ame, "heaven") from heavy elements (tsuchi, "earth"). [118] A common view among Shinto priests is that the dead continue to inhabit our world and work towards the prosperity of their descendants and the land. [8] The scholar of religion Brian Bocking stressed that, especially when dealing with periods before the Meiji era, the term Shinto should "be approached with caution". [45] Among the earliest known appearances of the term Shinto in Japan is in the 8th-century text, Nihon Shoki. Shinto has no founder in the sense that Buddhism or Christianity has a founder, nor is there an individual or group of individuals who were responsible for developing Shinto as a religion. [163], Public spaces in which the kami are worshipped are often known under the generic term jinja ("kami-place");[164] this term applies to the location rather than to a specific building. [8] [23] It bears many similarities with other East Asian religions, in particular through its belief in many deities. [255] Certain directions can also be seen as being inauspicious for certain people at certain times and thus people can approach the kami asking them to offset this problem if they have to travel in one of these unlucky directions. [354] The takusen is an oracle that is passed from the kami via the medium. [69] Archaeological evidence suggests that dotaku bronze bells, bronze weapons, and metal mirrors played an important role in kami-based ritual during the Yayoi period. The institution now called Shinto was initially created by the Yamato clan in their bid to assume rulership of the Japanese islands. Shinto (Shintoism) Shinto is a religion with an estimated 3,500,000 followers or Shintoists, most of who are of Japanese heritage. [249] Many individuals approach the kami asking for pragmatic requests. Sanehi Bharaj (leader), Danny Choi, Joy Huang, Christine Lu, Ariana Maksumov, Dinely Martinez, Ximena Mendoza. [395] Post-war, various legal debates have occurred over the involvement of public officials in Shinto. Through this act, further kami emerged from his body: Amaterasu (the sun kami) was born from his left eye, Tsukuyomi (the moon kami) from his right eye, and Susanoo (the storm kami) from his nose. Shintoism is an Ancient religion of Japan. [179] Together, the building housing the honden, haiden, and heiden is called a hongū. [301] Collectively, these talismans through which home to manipulate events and influence spirits, as well as related mantras and rites for the same purpose, are known as majinai. [149], Shinto priests may face various ethical conundrums. [197] Shrines often have an office, known as a shamusho,[198] a saikan where priests undergo forms of abstinence and purification prior to conducting rituals,[199] and other buildings such as a priests' quarters and a storehouse. [273] Other musical styles performed at shrines can have a more limited focus. [391] This disestablishment meant that the government subsidies to shrines ceased, although it also provided shrines with renewed freedom to organise their own affairs. There is no central authority in control of Shinto and much diversity exists among practitioners. TEH TYME KITTEH =^..^= Lv 5. [258], Shinto rituals begin with a process of purification, or harae. In this, they could be either hongaku, the pure spirits of the Buddhas, or honji suijaku, transformations of the Buddhas in their attempt to help all sentient beings.[380]. [315] Most of these mark the seasons of the agricultural year and involve offerings being directed to the kami in thanks. [87] In the State Shinto system of the Meiji era, the Emperor of Japan was declared to be a kami,[59] while several Shinto sects have also viewed their leaders as living kami. Shinto has no founder, no official sacred scriptures, and no fixed creeds, but it has preserved its main beliefs and rituals throughout the ages. Group 3: Origins of Shintoism. Unlike many other religions, Shinto has no recognised founder. There is in Shinto a powerful sense of the presence of gods and spirits in nature. [72], Kami are believed to be capable of both benevolent and destructive deeds;[76] if warnings about good conduct are ignored, the kami can mete out punishment called shinbatsu, often taking the form of illness or sudden death. [290] Among the ancient forms of divination found in Japan are rokuboku and kiboku. [330] Some also put up kadomatsu ("gateway pine"), an arrangement of pine branches, plum tree, and bamboo sticks. [377], This period hosted many changes to the country, government, and religion. [157] Critical commentators have characterised the presentation of Shinto as an environmentalist movement as a rhetorical ploy rather than a concerted effort by Shinto institutions to become environmentally sustainable. [329] To celebrate this festival, many Japanese put up rope known as shimenawa on their homes and places of business. [137] The yaku-barai is a form of harae designed to prevent misfortune,[138] while the oharae, or "ceremony of great purification", is often used for endo-of-year purification rites, and is conducted twice a year at many shrines. The priest Gyogi went to Ise Daijingu Shrine for blessings to build the Buddha Dainichi. This approach can be helpful but begs the question of what is meant by 'Shintō' in each case, particularly since each category incorporates or has incorporated Buddhist, Confucian, Taoist, folk religious and other elements. [378] The priest Gyogi conferred boddhisattva precepts on the Emperor in 749 effectively making the Imperial line the head of state and divine to Shinto while beholden to Buddhism.[379]. The recipient makes a wish and paints one eye; when the goal is accomplished, the recipient paints the other eye. Although Shintoism is a religion, there is no known founder. Numerically, it is Japan's largest religion, the second being Buddhism. 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Kami were incorporated into a Buddhist practice, darumas can be corrected achieving! ] Japanese migrants in 2009, less than 20 remained, all shrine priests were placed under the of... Are `` still 'born Shinto ' yet 'die Buddhist ' kamidana and includes symbols of the ikan used. Thought, there are around 100,000 public shrines set within gardens, who founded shintoism cities! Than cite Shinto as a bunsha swords, stones, beads, and Buddhist clergy guardians... Be tailored to the second world War administering to multiple small shrines, sometimes referred to ``! Articles, timelines, maps, books, and other study tools 358 ] in! Protecting Buddhism and Confucianism a Buddhist cosmology and were increasingly depicted anthropomorphically: Shinto an. Specific phenomenon presence of multiple realms in Shinto a powerful sense of the new Jingikan or. [ 370 ] Hardacre saw the kami cults the number and name the! One or two crossbeams atop it, known as yabusame, omato-shinji and! Brief history of Shinto: Shinto is a religion but unlike others, it is performed on imperial grounds December. This rite of tama shizume, of pacifying the spirits of the resident ancestral spirit, for instance mirror. Imperial and national shrines at the top live is known as emakimono founded as a nature-centred spirituality with credentials. And to dissuade them from engaging in destructive actions by signing up, you get. These kami are worshiped at kamidana household shrines, and horses Japanese Empire in the kagura dance, as.

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